Juniper is an
evergreen of chalk downs, heaths,
moors and pine or birch woods, varying from a small tree up to 10
m in height to a prostrate, ground-hugging shrub. The latter is the
predominant form growing in the mountains of North and West Britain
Small yellow male
and greenish female flowers, which are usually borne on separate plants,
appear in May and June.
The fruits, made
of 3-8 scales, are on female plants
only. They are like small berries,
green at first but become blue-black when ripe, 2 years later.
The rich, reddish-brown
bark shreds and peels in strips.