a spreading, much-branched deciduous
shrub, up to 4 m high, with greyish, hairless stems. It is found in
woods, scrub and hedges, especially on damp, lime-rich, soils.
fragrant flowers are arranged in dense clusters with large sterile
white flowers on the outside and small, creamy-yellow fertile
ones on the inside. They open in June and July.
The central flowers
develop into clusters of drooping, juicy red berries
in autumn, each with a single seed.
The leaves turn
a vivid red or yellow in October and fall in early November.